Over the past two decades, droughts, floods, exceptionally harsh winters and other weather-related extreme events have caused major physical damage, financial losses and even deaths, with significant impacts on Serbia's economy, especially in the agricultural sector. In 2012, for more than 50 days, temperatures exceeded 35ºC resulting in more than one million ha of lost agricultural production and over $141 million in damages. In 2014, one of the heaviest rainfalls and worst floods on record affected more than 1.5 million people (20 percent of the population) and caused $2 billion in damages. Climate change projections indicate that Serbia and the Western Balkans face a high probability of continuing temperature increases, along with more frequent and prolonged droughts and wildfires. (USAID Climate Risk Profile, 2017).
This section provides a summary of key natural hazards and their associated socioeconomic impacts in a given country. It allows for a quick assessment of most vulnerable areas through the spatial comparison of natural hazard data with development data, thereby identifying exposed livelihoods and natural systems.