Agriculture is the third largest contributor to Serbia’s GDP, accounting for 9.7 percent, and the most important export sector, accounting for over 21 percent. Production is concentrated in the north (Vojvodina), where crops are vulnerable to decreasing precipitation and increasing temperatures, primarily during the summer growing season. Projected declines in temperature and precipitation will affect rainfed crops, which dominate Serbian agriculture. Rainfed maize may decline by as much as 58 percent due to reduced rainfall and higher temperatures in summer. Increases in temperature have already brought about increases in fungal diseases and pests that reduce crop production. Cereals and fruits are the most important agricultural products in terms of production area and economic output; fruit production is particularly vulnerable to spring frost, hail, extremely low winter temperatures, low precipitation and/or heavy rainfall events. (USAID Climate Risk Profile, 2017).
This section provides a summary of key natural hazards and their associated socioeconomic impacts in a given country. It allows for a quick assessment of most vulnerable areas through the spatial comparison of natural hazard data with development data, thereby identifying exposed livelihoods and natural systems.