Serbia has a continental climate, warm and humid from June through September and cold and dry from December through February. Its climate is influenced by elevation (including the Alps) and by proximity to the Mediterranean Sea. Average annual temperature for the country as a whole is about 10.6ºC, but temperatures are substantially cooler in the mountains (average annual temperature at altitudes above 1,000 m is about 6ºC) and warmer in the central and northern regions (average annual temperature in Belgrade is about 12.4ºC). Average annual precipitation is about 741 mm, ranging from about 600 mm in the north to about 2,000 mm in the mountainous regions. Precipitation occurs throughout the year, but there is a peak in May through July. The average intensity of heavy rainfall events is 16 mm per day (95th percentile of total daily precipitation values). Dry spells average 10 days while cold spells average 11. According to the USAID Climate Risk Profile, key historical climate trends include:
- Average annual temperature increased by 0.15°C per decade from 1960 to 2015.
- Average annual rainfall exhibited no significant trend from 1960 through 2015.
- Drought severity increased from 1990-2016, relative to 1960-1989.
This section provides the options to visualize historical climate data for different timeframes via map and annual cycle chart.