Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Philippines.

Impacts Agriculture

Just over a third of the Philippines population is employed in the agriculture sector which contributes, when including fisheries, to 15% of the country’s GDP. The country’s five main crops are rice, corn, sugarcane, banana and coconut, with 60% of rice production in the northern island of Luzon, 60% of corn and coconut and 80% of banana in the southern island of Mindanao, and 70% sugar cane from the Visayas Islands. The dependency of large amounts of the population on the agriculture sector (either directly or indirectly) makes the country particularly vulnerable to climatic shocks, such as flooding and drought. For example, between 1970-1990, typhoons, floods and droughts were responsible for 84.2% of Philippine rice losses. Indeed, Philippines is projected to experience an estimated decline in agricultural productivity of 9-21% by 2050 as a consequence of climate change. Spatial analysis of how forecasted climate change impacts could affect agricultural land show that up to 85% of the country’s strategically important agricultural land could be affected from typhoons, floods and droughts.

This section provides insights into the climate change impacts on agricultural productivity indicators and the trends in agriculture related socio-economic indicators.


Data presented under Historical Climate Conditions are reanalysis products derived from ERA5-Land data. ERA5-Land is a global land-surface dataset at 9 km resolution, consistent with atmospheric data from the ERA5 reanalysis from 1950 onward. Climate reanalyses combine past observations with models to generate consistent time series of multiple climate variables. They provide a comprehensive description of the observed climate as it has evolved during recent decades, on 3D grids at sub-daily intervals. 

This data has been collected, aggregated and processed by the Climate Resilience Cluster of the European Space Agency’s (ESA) Earth Observation for Sustainable Development (EO4SD) initiative.

% change of crop yield projections
< -60% > 80%
« Click on the map to view site-specific crop data.