Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Paraguay.


The three pillars for Paraguay’s 2030 development goals: poverty reduction and social development, inclusive economic growth, and economic connectivity with international markets (NDC, 2015) could be affected by impacts of climate changes. The Paraguayan economy and population are highly vulnerable to projected impacts from climate change. Paraguay’s key economic sectors, namely, agricultural production and animal husbandry and hydroelectric energy are sensitive to environmental conditions. The historical connection between flooding events and droughts with food security and public health reflect the exposure of these sectors to climate change impacts. In addition to hydroelectric production, the economy depends on navigable rivers for transportation, which could be impacted by changes in river flows sensitive to climate change. Agricultural production is also vulnerable to rising temperatures and changing precipitation. Paraguay’s priority adaptation sectors identified in their 2015 Nationally Determined Contribution are: water resources, forestry, agricultural and livestock production, land management, energy, infrastructure, health and sanitation, disaster risk management and early warning systems. National adaptation plans take special consideration for a gender perspective to climate adaptation as well as adaptation plans for indigenous communities. The National Environmental Secretary (Secretaría del Ambiente, SEAM) coordinates adaptation action through the National Climate Change office (Oficina Nacional de Cambio Climático, ONCC) that is supported by the National Commission for Climate Change (Comisión Nacional de Cambio Climático, CNCC). Paraguay published a National Plan for Climate Change Adaptation in 2017.

Key Adaptation Policies & Reports

Adaptation Options for Key Sectors

  • Improve water management and support the implementation of water distribution systems through irrigation.
  • Invest in risk sharing systems in agricultural production by increasing availability and coverage of insurance scheme and connecting insurance initiatives with climate indicators.
  • Monitor changing behavior and distribution of invasive species and plagues that may impact crops and livestock.
  • Maintain constant monitoring of land use changes and extreme events like fires, droughts, storms, and flooding that could change availability of water and ecosystem health.
  • Support conservation efforts and land management to prevent land degradation and improve forest health to reduce risk of wildfire.
  • Improve monitoring systems to identify disease outbreaks, particularly in the case of vector borne diseases like malaria, dengue, and zika
  • Reduce social vulnerability and exposure while also improving health networks to support early detection and treatment
  • Develop early warning systems for health hazards in events associated with extreme heat, disease outbreak, or natural disasters.
  • Invest in conservation efforts primarily along watersheds that affect rivers used for navigation, hydroelectric production, drinking, and sanitation.
  • Reduce deforestation in areas with high risk for biodiversity loss, soil degradation that provide ecosystem services and livelihood options for rural populations.
  • Something pesticides
  • Strengthen infrastructure along hydroelectric areas

Gaps and Needs

  • Options for alternative crops and biodiversity to provide adaptable seeds in both subsistence and industrial farming practices.
  • Recovery of ancestral farming practices that are catered to local environmental conditions (National Adaptation Plan, 2017)
  • Conservation and sustainable use of forest resources to preserve biodiversity and support environmental health, especially in areas where ecosystem services support economic activity and livelihoods.
  • Improve local capacity to conduct research regarding local impacts of climate change on key sectors.
  • Updated estimates on financial gaps and needs to address adaptation proposals and support prioritization of adaptation investments.
  • Improve data collection and availability to use in climate monitoring and projections.
  • Invest in early warning systems by enhancing data collection and management.
  • Evaluate vulnerability assessments to define regions and sectors of greatest vulnerability to support adaptation planning efforts.
  • Promote international cooperation to increase information availability regarding climate change impacts and approaches to adaptation.
  • Improve communication channels to reach key stakeholders and involve population in adaptation actions.
  • Strengthen capacity to prevent forest fires particularly in seasons where dry conditions are prevalent.
  • Improve availability and coverage of insurance schemes and other risk-sharing and risk management financing.
  • Strengthen national, regional, and local project management capacity to implement adaptation programs and investments more efficiently.
  • Promote technological and expertise transfer to support research and analysis needed for concerted adaptation action.