Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Niger.


Niger is not a country that represents a source of GHG emissions, but rather a net absorption sink. Taking into consideration the potential offered by the country’s resources, Niger highlights as top priority adaptation measures that would result in higher co-benefits with respect to climate change mitigation. These adaptation options have already been well defined in the existing strategic frameworks, such as the Economic and Social Development Plan (PDES 2012-2015 and 2016-2020), which flows from the Sustainable Development and Inclusive Growth Strategy - Niger 2035 (SDDCI), the 3N Initiative (Nigerans Feed Nigerans), the National Policy on Climate Change (PNCC), the Strategic Framework for Sustainable Land Management (SF-SLM), and the National Strategy and Plan of Action for Climate Change and Variability (SNPA-CVC). Priority sectors are AFOLU and energy (transportation and residential and industrial energy). (NDC, 2015).

Gaps and Needs

  • National technical expertise and information to support adaptation to climate change is needed.
  • Shortcomings include the absence of: an accessible and structured national database, long term monitoring units of climate parameters, a specific coherent model, efficient systems of climatic and hydrologic projections, material resources for collection, archiving, analysis and communication (NECSD, 2009), and climate impact studies in Niger (DANIDA, 2008).
  • Niger lacks a national calculation center specialized in research on climate change and a system of national research and observation institutions in the area of water sciences.
  • While addressing some of the objectives targeted by Niger’s proposed NAPA projects, the majority of current projects focus on agriculture, leaving priority needs related to health unaddressed.
  • Climate risks must be mainstreamed into development strategies.