Country

Myanmar (Burma)

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Myanmar (Burma).

Country Summary

This page presents high-level information for Myanmar (Burma)'s climate zones and its seasonal cycle for mean temperature and precipitation for the latest climatology, 1991-2020. Climate zone classifications are derived from the Köppen-Geiger climate classification system, which divides climates into five main climate groups divided based on seasonal precipitation and temperature patterns. The five main groups are A (tropical), B (dry), C (temperate), D (continental), and E (polar). All climates except for those in the E group are assigned a seasonal precipitation sub-group (second letter).  Climate classifications are identified by hovering your mouse over the legend. A narrative overview of Myanmar (Burma)'s country context and climate is provided following the visualizations.


Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification, 1991-2020
  • Af
  • Am
  • As/Aw
  • BWh
  • BWk
  • BSh
  • BSk
  • Csa
  • Csb
  • Csc
  • Cwa
  • Cwb
  • Cwc
  • Cfa
  • Cfb
  • Cfc
  • Dsa
  • Dsb
  • Dsc
  • Dsd
  • Dwa
  • Dwb
  • Dwc
  • Dwd
  • Dfa
  • Dfb
  • Dfc
  • Dfd
  • ET
  • EF

The Republic of the Union of Myanmar (Myanmar) is situated on the western end of Southeast Asia. Myanmar is currently in a democratic transition and is one of the fastest growing economies in East Asia. Among ASEAN countries, Myanmar has the lowest life expectancy and the second-highest rate of infant and child mortality. Access to basic infrastructure and services remain a challenge in both rural and urban areas. Myanmar is one of the world’s most disaster-prone countries exposed to multiple hazards, including floods, cyclones, earthquakes, landslides, and droughts, ranking 2nd out of 187 countries in the 2016 Global Climate Risk Index and 9th out of 191 countries in the INFORM Index for Risk Management.

In 2013, the Myanmar Climate Change Alliance was established as a joint collaboration between the Ministry of Environmental Conservation and Forestry, United Nations Environment Programme, and United Nations-Habitat, to strengthen capacity in developing the National Climate Change Strategy and Sector Action Plans in Myanmar. The Government has made the environment one of its seven “strategic pillars” of its National Comprehensive Development Plan (2011-30). Myanmar ratified the Paris Agreement on September 19, 2017 and its Nationally Determined Contribution can be found here.