Any climate variations will have an immediate impact on the agricultural sector. Not only will an increase in climatic natural hazards, such as cyclones and droughts, have a direct impact on the agricultural production systems via crop loss, but also the onset of more subtle changes, such as groundwater salinization and higher soil temperatures, can lower yields. Due to climate change, the suitability of lands to harvest crops will shift and farmers will need to adjust their crops and seeds accordingly. Moreover, many developing countries will face reduction in land available under cultivation and rising population, particularly urban population will put additional pressure on land available for agriculture. It will also have implications on contribution of agriculture sector to gross domestic product and dependence on labor force on agriculture for sustenance. Marshall Islands can expect to see changes in commercial/subsistence crop yields, changes in plant pest populations, possible change associated with change in the El Nino Southern Oscillation, drought, and cyclone patterns, and changes in soil quality.
This section provides insights into the climate change impacts on agricultural productivity indicators and the trends in agriculture related socio-economic indicators.