Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Mali.

Impacts Agriculture

Mali’s agricultural sector is currently concentrated in the country’s limited arable lands, found along the Niger River. Subsistence cereals dominate the Malian diet, and the main subsistence crops grown are rainfed millet and sorghum millet, with commercial agriculture devoted to cotton and rice, the latter of which is irrigated. Crop failure is common and current food crop production is unable to adequately provide for local needs due to persistent threats from droughts, floods, and pest invasions, and in recent years grain imports have been required to fill the widening gap between necessity and production. The droughts in the 1970's and 1980's were particularly notable in reducing food production. The food insecurity situation is likely to worsen under a changing climate unless a concerted effort is placed on improving subsistence food production across the country.

This section provides insights into the climate change impacts on agricultural productivity indicators and the trends in agriculture related socio-economic indicators.

% change of crop yield projections
< -60% > 80%
« Click on the map to view site-specific crop data.