Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Maldives.


Maldives' National Adaptation Program of Action (NAPA) identifies ‘adaptation needs’ in various sectors and prioritizes adaptation strategies using inputs from community, government and private sector. The Policy framework also presents a broad view of adaptation strategies that need to be undertaken. In the country's Intended Nationally Determined Contribution, a significant priority has been put on enhancing water and food security including a climate risk insurance mechanism; increasing resilience and climate proofing of all critical infrastructures, particularly coastal one to safeguard the tourist product and tourist facilities; surveillance program for vector borne diseases; safeguarding coral reef and its biodiversity; and improvement of climate services.

Gaps and Needs

  • Actions primarily focus on policy formulation efforts in the areas of risk reduction costal zones, and water, but few initiatives focus on the concrete infrastructure projects identified as urgent priorities by the country’s government.
  • Greater attention could also be given to tourism, fisheries and gender-focused adaptation project as these do not seem to be addressed as yet through current efforts.
  • It may be worthwhile to look for potential synergy between adaptation and mitigation projects (e.g. the development of sustainable building designs that increase resilience to climate change while also reducing greenhouse gas emissions). These synergistic projects would offer a more integrated package of help to affected communities.