Malaysia reports on climate change risks to agriculture in its Second National Communication to the UNFCCC (2011). Vulnerability assessments of the sector show that Malaysia’s major crops face stronger sensitivity to rainfall and precipitation limitations than to temperature. In this regard, the uncertainty in climate models on future precipitation changes presents challenges for adaptation decision making. Models suggest that occurrence of droughts and floods early in the rice growing season could reduce yields by up to 80%. Other major products, such as cocoa and rubber shows similar vulnerabilities. Malaysia’s Biennial Update Report (2015) reports the threat climate change represents to the country’s ambitions for food security and independence from imports.
This section provides insights into the climate change impacts on agricultural productivity indicators and the trends in agriculture related socio-economic indicators.