Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Macedonia.


Macedonia is exposed to several geophysical and climate-related hazards, some of which are increasing in frequency and magnitude. This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts of climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

This section provides a summary of key natural hazards and their associated socioeconomic impacts in a given country. And it allows quick evaluation of most vulnerable areas through the spatial comparison of natural hazard data with development data, thereby identifying exposed livelihoods and natural systems.

Natural Hazard Statistics

The charts provide overview of the most frequent natural disaster in a given country and understand the impacts of those disasters on human populations.

Natural Hazard / Development Nexus

This tool allows the overlay of different natural hazard maps with social economic datasets by sliding the bar horizontally, which provides a broad sense of vulnerable areas.


Key Vulnerabilities

  • Earthquake hazard is classified as ‘medium’ by ThinkHazard, meaning that there is a 10% chance of potentially-damaging earthquake shaking in your project area in the next 50 years. The hazard level is consistent across the country. Earthquakes accounted for 78% of average annual monetary loss in Macedonia between 1990 to 2014.
  • Landslide hazard is classified as ‘low’ by ThinkHazard, meaning that Macedonia has rainfall patterns, terrain slope, geology, soil, land cover and (potentially) earthquakes that make localized landslides an uncommon hazard phenomenon. The hazard level is greatest is eastern and western regions of the country.
  • River flooding hazard is classified as ‘high’ by ThinkHazard, meaning that potentially damaging and life-threatening river floods are expected to occur at least once in the next 10 years. The hazard level is highest in the central northern regions. Flooding constitute 50% of disasters recorded in Macedonia between 1990 to 2014, and 22% of average annual monetary losses over the same period.
  • Water scarcity hazard is classified as ‘medium’ by ThinkHazard, meaning that there is up to a 20% chance droughts will occur in the coming 10 years. The hazard level is highest in the northern regions.
  • Extreme temperatures and wildfires, respectively, accounted for 25% and 13% of disasters recorded nationally between 1990 to 2014.

More information on natural hazards can be found at ThinkHazard.