The Kyrgyz Republic possesses 30% of the total water resources in Central Asia region, which are largely stored in glaciers, lakes, rivers, and underground. Notably, the country only exploits 12-17% of its surface water runoff, of which 90% is used for agriculture. The majority of water resources are used for irrigation, provision of water for industrial and residential uses, and for power generation. Largely due to the rapid melting of glaciers, while the country will have enough water for its own needs in the future, it may not be able to meet demand in its role as a critical supplier of water to the Central Asia region. The majority of irrigation systems have been either inefficient or of poor quality, which limits production on arable land. Over the past decade, about a third of irrigation systems in the country have undergone significant restoration. To build resilience of this sector, a water users association has been formed to manage demand and maintain irrigation networks. In addition, investments have been made in irrigation networks to better manage supply. The government has also developed emergency response measures and begun to issue licenses to regulate water use and manage pollution.
This section provides insights into projected climate change impacts on various hydrological indicators.