The climate in the Kyrgyz Republic is as varied as the country’s topography and can be classified into four major zones, each with distinctive characteristics. The valley-sub-mountain zone (from 900-1,200 m) experiences hot summers, snowless and temperate winters, and almost zero precipitation. The mountain zone (from 900–1,200 to 2,000–2,200 m) is characterized by a temperate climate, which has warm summers and cold, snowy winters. The high-mountain zone (from 2,000–2,200 to 3,000–3,500 m) is cooler in the summer and has relatively cold, snowless winters, with temperatures ranging from well below zero to 16°C. The nival belt zone (from 3,500 m and higher) has a polar climate and is covered by numerous snowfields and glaciers. According to its own Second National Communication, only 20% of the country is considered habitable year round.
- Research conducted during the preparation of the First and Second National Commitments showed that over the last century the air temperature on the territory of Kyrgyz Republic increased by 0.8°C.
- According to the United Nations Development Programme, nearly 1/3 of the glacial area of central Asia has disappeared since 1930. Because glaciers provide a large proportion of the water flow to the major rivers of Central Asia, the loss of these glaciers has severe consequences for the future of the Kyrgyz Republic.
This section provides the options to visualize historical climate data for different timeframes via map and annual cycle chart.