Country

Kyrgyzstan

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Kyrgyzstan.

Country Context

The Kyrgyz Republic is a landlocked country located in north-eastern Central Asia between two major mountain systems, the Tien Shan and the Pamirs. Over 80% of the country is within the Tian Shan mountain chain and 4% is permanently under ice and snow. The majority of the population lives in the foothills of the mountains, where they are most vulnerable to climate hazards. Forty-three percent of the population lives below the poverty line and 50% are rural dwellers. Agriculture is by far the most important livelihood activity, contributing to one-third of gross domestic product (GDP) and employing 65% of the population. In fact, over half of Kyrgyz Republic’s GDP is derived from climate and weather-sensitive activities. Notably, Kyrgyz Republic experiences between 3,000 and 5,000 earthquakes every year, with large-scale catastrophes taking place every 5-10 years. On average, destruction and loss from natural disasters totals up to US $30-35 million per year.

The State Agency on Environment Protection and Forestry of the Kyrgyz Republic (established in 2005) is the focal point for coordination and implementation of environmental and climate change policies. The Law on the State Regulation and Policy of Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Absorption (2007) sets the legal framework for national policies that mitigate climate change. The Kyrgyz Republic also submitted their Second National Communication to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in 2007. The country's Intended Nationally Determined Contribution can be found here

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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