Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Kosovo.

Country Summary

This page presents high-level information for Kosovo's climate zones and its seasonal cycle for mean temperature and precipitation for the latest climatology, 1991-2020. Climate zone classifications are derived from the Köppen-Geiger climate classification system, which divides climates into five main climate groups divided based on seasonal precipitation and temperature patterns. The five main groups are A (tropical), B (dry), C (temperate), D (continental), and E (polar). All climates except for those in the E group are assigned a seasonal precipitation sub-group (second letter).  Climate classifications are identified by hovering your mouse over the legend. A narrative overview of Kosovo's country context and climate is provided following the visualizations.

Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification, 1991-2020
  • Af
  • Am
  • As/Aw
  • BWh
  • BWk
  • BSh
  • BSk
  • Csa
  • Csb
  • Csc
  • Cwa
  • Cwb
  • Cwc
  • Cfa
  • Cfb
  • Cfc
  • Dsa
  • Dsb
  • Dsc
  • Dsd
  • Dwa
  • Dwb
  • Dwc
  • Dwd
  • Dfa
  • Dfb
  • Dfc
  • Dfd
  • ET
  • EF

Covering an area of 10,908 km2, Kosovo is a landlocked territory in the Balkan Peninsula, bordered by Albania to the southwest, the Republic of Macedonia to the southeast, Montenegro to the west and the uncontested territory of Serbia to the north and east. Kosovo is a parliamentary republic. It declared independence on February 17, 2008 and is recognized as an independent country by 114 out of 193 United Nations members and by 23 out of 28 European Union (EU) members. Kosovo’s GDP per capita grew from US$1,088 in 2000 to US$3,562 in 2015. Nonetheless, Kosovo remains the third poorest country in Europe. During 20082015 real GDP grew on average by 3.4 percent per annum, driven primarily by household and government consumption (2.6 percentage points), in turn buoyed by sizeable remittances inflows. Services represented the largest sector in the economy, with a share of value added at 54 percent of GDP during 20082015. Industry is relatively small by regional standards, at 16 percent of GDP, of which manufacturing is about 10 percent of GDP. Although agriculture remains relatively large, at 11 percent of GDP, it has exhibited low growth and has been affected by weather conditions and climate change.

Kosovo is prone to a wide variety of natural hazardsincluding floods, landslides, droughts, earthquakes, and wildfiresthat could pose serious damages to the economy, fiscal balances, and well-being of vulnerable populations. Many of these climatic-related hazards are expected to magnify with future climate change. These climate and disaster risks can seriously affect productive sectors of the economy such as agriculture, infrastructure, energy, water resources, and communities and households.