Country

Korea, Republic of

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Korea, Republic of.

Country Context

The Republic of Korea is located between 125°04’ and 131°52’ E longitude and between 36°06’ and 38°27’ N latitude. With a population of over 48.8 million and a population density of 486 persons per km2, Korea is the world’s 3rd most densely populated country. The total land area covers 99,392 km2, of which 64.5% is forests and woodlands, and 19.7% is agricultural land. In 2010, nominal GDP reached US $1,014 billion, with services accounting for 58.2%, mining and manufacturing 30.8% and agriculture, forestry and fishing industry 2.6%. Located in the temperate mid-latitude zone, the Republic of Korea has four distinct seasons. Over the last century (1912~2010), the temperature in Korea increased by 1.8℃ due to the impact of global warming including that of urbanization. Annual precipitation also increased by 17 percent. Key sectors identified for the implementation of adaptation measures in its National Climate Change Adaptation Master Plan include: health, natural disasters, agriculture, forestry, ocean and fisheries, water management and ecosystem (Republic of Korea’s Third National Communication, 2013). Korea plans to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions by 37% from the business-as-usual level by 2030 across all economic sectors (Nationally Determined Contribution, 2016). 

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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