Korea, Republic of

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Korea, Republic of.

Country Summary

This page presents high-level information for Korea, Republic of's climate zones and its seasonal cycle for mean temperature and precipitation for the latest climatology, 1991-2020. Climate zone classifications are derived from the Köppen-Geiger climate classification system, which divides climates into five main climate groups divided based on seasonal precipitation and temperature patterns. The five main groups are A (tropical), B (dry), C (temperate), D (continental), and E (polar). All climates except for those in the E group are assigned a seasonal precipitation sub-group (second letter).  Climate classifications are identified by hovering your mouse over the legend. A narrative overview of Korea, Republic of's country context and climate is provided following the visualizations.

Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification, 1991-2020
  • Af
  • Am
  • As/Aw
  • BWh
  • BWk
  • BSh
  • BSk
  • Csa
  • Csb
  • Csc
  • Cwa
  • Cwb
  • Cwc
  • Cfa
  • Cfb
  • Cfc
  • Dsa
  • Dsb
  • Dsc
  • Dsd
  • Dwa
  • Dwb
  • Dwc
  • Dwd
  • Dfa
  • Dfb
  • Dfc
  • Dfd
  • ET
  • EF

The Republic of Korea is located between 125°04’ and 131°52’ E longitude and between 36°06’ and 38°27’ N latitude. With a population of over 48.8 million and a population density of 486 persons per km2, Korea is the world’s 3rd most densely populated country. The total land area covers 99,392 km2, of which 64.5% is forests and woodlands, and 19.7% is agricultural land. In 2010, nominal GDP reached US $1,014 billion, with services accounting for 58.2%, mining and manufacturing 30.8% and agriculture, forestry and fishing industry 2.6%. Located in the temperate mid-latitude zone, the Republic of Korea has four distinct seasons. Over the last century (1912~2010), the temperature in Korea increased by 1.8℃ due to the impact of global warming including that of urbanization. Annual precipitation also increased by 17 percent. Key sectors identified for the implementation of adaptation measures in its National Climate Change Adaptation Master Plan include: health, natural disasters, agriculture, forestry, ocean and fisheries, water management and ecosystem (Republic of Korea’s Third National Communication, 2013). Korea plans to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions by 37% from the business-as-usual level by 2030 across all economic sectors (Nationally Determined Contribution, 2016).