Kiribati has identified a range of climate impacts in its agriculture sector, with particular threat to its subsistence farming. Key impacts identified in its NDC (2016) include: reduced productivity of livestock due to heat stress, stress on water resources and hence reduced agricultural productivity, water quality and salinization damage to agricultural productivity and groundwater reserves, and damage and loss of key production, transport, and storage infrastructure. Climate change impacts in agriculture can often be mitigated through crop variety adjustments however, the local soils in Kiribati have low fertility, limiting crop choices. These issues, and other threats to agricultural productivity such as drought, are discussed in Kiribati’s Third National Communication (2013).
This section provides insights into the climate change impacts on agricultural productivity indicators and the trends in agriculture related socio-economic indicators.