Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Kiribati.


Kiribati has identified a list of key challenges inhibiting adaptation action in their INDC (2015), these include: Insufficient data across multiple sectors, uncontrolled use of land, insufficient funding and human resource, lack of legislation, and lack of population awareness. The Kiribati Adaptation Project, co-funded by the World Bank and Government of Japan, has been a major adaptation initiative and as of 2016 was in its third phase. Key focus areas include coastal protection infrastructure, rainwater harvesting and development of ground water resources for drought resilience, alongside capacity building and risk assessments. 


Adaptation Options for Key Sectors

  • Capacity building to improve practices around soil fertility conservation.
  • Research of appropriate crop varieties for future climates and local soil properties.
  • Ecosystem based adaptation measures focused on broader restoration of habitats and ecosystems and integrated agricultural practices.
  • Monitoring and raising awareness of climate-linked health risks including vector-borne diseases, water quality issues, and sanitation issues.
  • Training and capacity building to enable livelihood diversification and labor market participation.
  • Facilitation of dignified and planned migration.
  • Technology roll-out and monitoring of groundwater quality and reserve levels.
  • Rehabilitation of water services and infrastructure and improvements in leak detection.
  • Rainwater harvesting.
  • Development of agricultural practices and technology transfer for enhanced water management and conservation.
  • Coastal defense infrastructure development.
  • Mangrove rehabilitation and re-planting.
  • Coral reef monitoring and protection.

Gaps and Needs

  • Government institutions lack the support of scientific and research capacity, including in designing monitoring and data collection systems, and processing data to produce useful planning products.
  • Key areas for further research include vulnerability and risk assessment and understanding interactions with infrastructure locations and planning, particularly in the context of rising sea-levels.
  • Research into future migration patterns, challenges, and responses to enable a dignified human experience.
  • Deficiencies in quality, depth, and geographical coverage of data and information systems are holding back effective planning on adaptation and disaster risk reduction.
  • A lack of technology and technology transfer holds back data collection.
  • Specific data gaps include water usage, losses, reserves, and quality.
  • Other gaps include a lack of long time-series data for analysis of trends.
  • The lack of human resources, skills, experience, and expertise are major gaps inhibiting progress on the mainstreaming of adaptation and disaster risk reduction initiatives.
  • Central co-ordination of data collection, knowledge products, and sharing of lessons between stakeholders must be implemented.