Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Jordan.


National policy and Jordan's Intended Nationally Determined Contribution provides climate change scenarios and sets out priorities and instruments in several sectors including water, agriculture, land use, coastal areas management, health, disaster risk management (DRM), social development, and tourism. Jordan conducted a major joint program of water and health sector adaptation, called “Adaptation to Climate Change to Sustain Jordan’s MDG Achievements” (2009-2013) with a total budget of $4.13 million USD. It mainstreamed climate change into the National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan (2015-2020) and National Strategy and Action Plan to Combat Desertification (2015-2020), which were recently aligned with the global Convention on Biological Diversity 10-year strategy.


Adaptation Options for Key Sectors

  • Implement soil management and improved irrigation practices.
  • Incorporate crop rotations and appropriate soil tillage that maintain soil organic matter and soil moisture through crops, crop residues or cover crops.
  • Develop a national strategy to promote the use of proper water harvesting techniques to reduce the risk of crop failure.
  • Upgrade existing wastewater treatment plants to ensure good quality of treated wastewater, which will improve the quality of yields and reduce the possibility of soil pollution.
  • Use indigenous and locally-adapted plants combined with crop varieties adapted to drier variable conditions.
  • Strengthen the capacity of local communities to implement improved techniques.
  • Implement sustainable interventions of water harvesting.
  • Promote community-based management of rangeland resources.
  • Develop a framework to support and implement adaptation policies and programs that sustain agricultural and natural resources.
  • Develop sustainable watershed management plans for surface water systems.
  • Establish an integrated program to assess the availability and exploitability of all water resources at rates that can be sustained over long periods of time (including groundwater resources).
  • Develop and implement action development plans to ensure management, monitoring, restoration and protection of groundwater.
  • Strengthen surveillance and establish highly sensitive alert systems by developing a health forecast system for acute respiratory and climate-sensitive diseases.
  • Prevent and control of emerging and reemerging vector-borne diseases.
  • Strengthen existing emergency preparedness and disaster management by implementing recognized surveillance monitoring systems.
  • Formulate and implement disaster preparedness policies with adaptive strategies.
  • Enhance capacity building and increase awareness through regular training workshops on hazard preparedness.
  • Undertake research at the population and individual level to provide a solid basis for formulating adaptation strategies.

Gaps and Needs

  • Improve interpretation of best available regional climate scenarios to match the requirements of policy-oriented applications.
  • Additional research is needed on technology options for efficient resilient and adaptation in the water resources and agriculture sectors, including crop research, improved soil-water management, enhancement of soil quality, etc.
  • Enhance scientific research at the country level for spatial and temporal understanding of adverse impacts and vulnerability all sectors.
  • Build technical capacity for data collection, data management and updates of basic data sets for monitoring and early warming.
  • Augment national and regional services on climatic prediction models and downscaling outputs for better interpretation and development of potential scenarios.
  • Improve data analysis, sharing and institutional coordination for systematic monitoring to ensure data availability to the scientific community and policy makers.
  • Enhance public awareness and participation in adaptation planning. This must be addressed in order to mainstream adaptation into development planning.