Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Jamaica.

Impacts Agriculture

Agriculture is one of the most important economic sectors for the Jamaican economy, contributing 6.8% of GDP and employing over 180,000 farmers. The sector will be impacted by increases in temperature and trends toward decreasing rainfall. Hotter temperatures will place stress on crops and livestock while also reducing worker productivity. Agricultural production depends on precipitation given that only 6.9% of agricultural land is irrigated. Higher ranges in rainfall patterns and increasing incidence of extreme precipitation events will also place stress on agriculture. Extreme storms, hurricanes and floods would not only place stress on agricultural production but could also displace people in vulnerable areas, changing both food demand and supply. (State of the Jamaican Climate)

This section provides insights into the climate change impacts on agricultural productivity indicators and the trends in agriculture related socio-economic indicators.


Data presented under Historical Climate Conditions are reanalysis products derived from ERA5-Land data. ERA5-Land is a global land-surface dataset at 9 km resolution, consistent with atmospheric data from the ERA5 reanalysis from 1950 onward. Climate reanalyses combine past observations with models to generate consistent time series of multiple climate variables. They provide a comprehensive description of the observed climate as it has evolved during recent decades, on 3D grids at sub-daily intervals. 

This data has been collected, aggregated and processed by the Climate Resilience Cluster of the European Space Agency’s (ESA) Earth Observation for Sustainable Development (EO4SD) initiative.

% change of crop yield projections
< -60% > 80%
« Click on the map to view site-specific crop data.