Agriculture is one of the most important economic sectors for the Jamaican economy, contributing 6.8% of GDP and employing over 180,000 farmers. The sector will be impacted by increases in temperature and trends toward decreasing rainfall. Hotter temperatures will place stress on crops and livestock while also reducing worker productivity. Agricultural production depends on precipitation given that only 6.9% of agricultural land is irrigated. Higher ranges in rainfall patterns and increasing incidence of extreme precipitation events will also place stress on agriculture. Extreme storms, hurricanes and floods would not only place stress on agricultural production but could also displace people in vulnerable areas, changing both food demand and supply. (State of the Jamaican Climate)
This section provides insights into the climate change impacts on agricultural productivity indicators and the trends in agriculture related socio-economic indicators.