Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Jamaica.


The Government of Jamaica has taken steps toward its climate change response. It assigned climate change to a Ministry and established a Climate Change Division with a mandate focused on adaptation. Jamaica’s Vision 2030- National Development Plan not only considers climate change issues, but also serves as a framework to ensure these are integrated into national policies. The Climate Change Advisory Board and a Climate Change Focal Point Network, were also established to support adaptation across ministries. The Climate Change Policy Framework was prepared through a Climate Change Adaptation and Disaster Risk Reduction project with participation of the Government of Jamaica, the European Union, and the United Nations Environmental Programme. 


Key Adaptation Policies & Reports

Adaptation Options for Key Sectors

  • Improve efficiency of irrigation. Improve land grading surface irrigation areas.
  • Rehabilitation of areas affected by salinity and alkalinity.
  • Develop an Environmental Management System with Integrated Pest Management.
  • Alter agricultural chemical use.
  • Promote re-use of acceptable quality water for Industrial Recycled Water Irrigation.
  • Lining of open channel canals.
  • Use of drip irrigation systems where soil conditions allow use of closed pipe systems.
  • Encourage household water catchments.
  • Encourage farm/estate-based water storage facilities.

Gaps and Needs

  • Adjust to the impacts of climate change on water supply in the agriculture sector though improved efficiency of irrigation, installation of water storage facilities, night time irrigation, drip irrigation systems, and better management and control of supply networks.
  • Adapt to the impacts of climate change on soil through improved drainage, watershed management, public education and awareness, improved soil management practices, etc.
  • Assessment of need for modified land use, implementation of land use guidelines, and modification of building styles and codes.
  • Improved availability and interpretation of climate data and services. Further research on climate change and variability.
  • Country-specific modeling of potential climatic change impacts.
  • Development of Clearinghouse for water resources information.
  • Apply GIS to integrate climate information into water resources planning.
  • Conduct additional topographic surveys.
  • Complete digital elevation modeling of existing data.