Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Haiti.

Impacts Agriculture

Haiti’s economy is based primarily on agriculture, which employs 66% of the work force and contributes 27% of the gross domestic product. Coffee, rope fiber (jute), sugar, and cocoa are the principal export crops grown. Food security relies heavily on rain-fed, subsistence farming. Poor farming practices have degraded a majority of the arable countryside, leading to severe erosion. While disasters like hurricanes are hardly new to Haiti, the frequency, magnitude, and harmful impacts of these storms are expected to increase. When these weather systems hit land, they wreak havoc on Haiti’s already fragile farms, deforested mountainsides, and eroding critical soil. As Haiti’s climate grows increasingly warmer and drier, particularly during the critical summer months, agricultural practices will need to be adjusted for the land to remain productive. To prevent potentially devastating yield losses, farmers, extension agents, and politicians will need guidance on how to restore soil quality and ecosystem integrity.

This section provides insights into the climate change impacts on agricultural productivity indicators and the trends in agriculture related socio-economic indicators.


Data presented under Historical Climate Conditions are reanalysis products derived from ERA5-Land data. ERA5-Land is a global land-surface dataset at 9 km resolution, consistent with atmospheric data from the ERA5 reanalysis from 1950 onward. Climate reanalyses combine past observations with models to generate consistent time series of multiple climate variables. They provide a comprehensive description of the observed climate as it has evolved during recent decades, on 3D grids at sub-daily intervals. 

This data has been collected, aggregated and processed by the Climate Resilience Cluster of the European Space Agency’s (ESA) Earth Observation for Sustainable Development (EO4SD) initiative.

% change of crop yield projections
< -60% > 80%
« Click on the map to view site-specific crop data.