Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Georgia.

Impacts Water

Georgia has an abundance of freshwater sources due to the country’s mountainous relief, however water resources are not distributed equally throughout the country and accumulate mostly in western parts of Georgia. Eastern regions suffer a lack of water. Currently, only a small part of the population of Georgia is provided with a permanent supply of pure potable water (National Climate Vulnerability Assessment: Georgia 2014). Trends of warmer and shorter winter periods will result in a decrease of seasonal snow as well as earlier and faster snow melt and significant decrease in glacial melting and retreat. Increased water stress for agricultural areas in the eastern part of Georgia coupled with high temperatures may also impact river and lakes and affect fish populations. Increased heat may lead to increased water borne diseases for water zones. 

This section provides insights into projected climate change impacts on various hydrological indicators.


Data presented under Historical Climate Conditions are reanalysis products derived from ERA5-Land data. ERA5-Land is a global land-surface dataset at 9 km resolution, consistent with atmospheric data from the ERA5 reanalysis from 1950 onward. Climate reanalyses combine past observations with models to generate consistent time series of multiple climate variables. They provide a comprehensive description of the observed climate as it has evolved during recent decades, on 3D grids at sub-daily intervals. 

This data has been collected, aggregated and processed by the Climate Resilience Cluster of the European Space Agency’s (ESA) Earth Observation for Sustainable Development (EO4SD) initiative.