Georgia has an abundance of freshwater sources due to the country’s mountainous relief, however water resources are not distributed equally throughout the country and accumulate mostly in western parts of Georgia. Eastern regions suffer a lack of water. Currently, only a small part of the population of Georgia is provided with a permanent supply of pure potable water (National Climate Vulnerability Assessment: Georgia 2014). Trends of warmer and shorter winter periods will result in a decrease of seasonal snow as well as earlier and faster snow melt and significant decrease in glacial melting and retreat. Increased water stress for agricultural areas in the eastern part of Georgia coupled with high temperatures may also impact river and lakes and affect fish populations. Increased heat may lead to increased water borne diseases for water zones.
This section provides insights into projected climate change impacts on various hydrological indicators.