Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Georgia.

Impacts Agriculture

The agricultural sector is an important staple of Georgia’s economy and food security situation and employs approximately 42% of the country’s working population. Temperature increase and change of precipitation are two of the highest risks for agriculture. Near-term impacts will be an earlier start for vegetation seasons due to increased temperatures and earlier frost and snow melt, and a reduction in water availability for key agricultural zones and cattle grazing areas. The tendency of droughts to become more prevalent in eastern areas that used to have sufficient precipitation is a notable adverse impact as it may lead to a greater fragility of farming in these areas. Decreased rainfall and warmer days in summer could necessitate a shift from rain-fed agriculture to irrigation.

This section provides insights into the climate change impacts on agricultural productivity indicators and the trends in agriculture related socio-economic indicators.


Data presented under Historical Climate Conditions are reanalysis products derived from ERA5-Land data. ERA5-Land is a global land-surface dataset at 9 km resolution, consistent with atmospheric data from the ERA5 reanalysis from 1950 onward. Climate reanalyses combine past observations with models to generate consistent time series of multiple climate variables. They provide a comprehensive description of the observed climate as it has evolved during recent decades, on 3D grids at sub-daily intervals. 

This data has been collected, aggregated and processed by the Climate Resilience Cluster of the European Space Agency’s (ESA) Earth Observation for Sustainable Development (EO4SD) initiative.

% change of crop yield projections
< -60% > 80%
« Click on the map to view site-specific crop data.