The agricultural sector is an important staple of Georgia’s economy and food security situation and employs approximately 42% of the country’s working population. Temperature increase and change of precipitation are two of the highest risks for agriculture. Near-term impacts will be an earlier start for vegetation seasons due to increased temperatures and earlier frost and snow melt, and a reduction in water availability for key agricultural zones and cattle grazing areas. The tendency of droughts to become more prevalent in eastern areas that used to have sufficient precipitation is a notable adverse impact as it may lead to a greater fragility of farming in these areas. Decreased rainfall and warmer days in summer could necessitate a shift from rain-fed agriculture to irrigation.
This section provides insights into the climate change impacts on agricultural productivity indicators and the trends in agriculture related socio-economic indicators.