Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Georgia.


Adaptation to the adverse impacts of climate change is one of the main priorities for the Government of Georgia. The National Adaptation Plan will be prepared in order to further advance the implementation of adaptation actions. The main objective of the Government of Georgia is to improve country’s preparedness and adaptive capacity by developing climate resilient practices that reduce vulnerability of highly exposed communities. In this regard, Georgia takes steps to integrate climate risk and resilience into core development planning and implementation. Georgia’s climate change adaptation and planning are executed by the Ministry of Environment and National Resources Protection of Georgia and its National Environmental Agency. (NDC, 2017)

Key Adaptation Policies & Reports

Adaptation Options for Key Sectors

  • The implementation of an integrated water resources management system, irrigation systems, improved soil condition and soil-moisture monitoring, the improvement of irrigation-drainage systems, the introduction of drought-resistant plant species, changes in cropping cycles, and monitoring for potential natural hazards.
  • Research and extension services can enhance the capacity and delivery of information to the agricultural sector, with particular reference to climate change and the implementation of adaptation options. Improvements should also be made to the weather monitoring network and associated weather information systems, including the publication and distribution of agriculture-specific weather forecasts on a frequent basis.
  • Georgia’s NC3 has recommended the targeted investment in upgrading the country’s agrometeorological monitoring network, improved data impact analysis and dissemination of information to agricultural communities.
  • Information on climate variability and projected future climate change should be provided to public utilities and energy generating facilities to enhance decision making and long-term resilience.
  • Improve capacity of energy systems to sustain cumulative impacts such as: the redundancy at peak periods, the sensitivity of regulators to climate change pressures on infrastructure and the possible need for redundant capacity, demand management and energy conservation strategies.  
  • Strengthening and improving the legal framework for the renewable energy sector to increase energy efficiency in generation and usage for the key sectors of Georgia’s economy.
  • Georgia’s health-care infrastructure needs to be upgraded to support more systemic climate change resilience.  Capacity needs to be built to support the adaptation to extreme weather events and support the necessary response capacities. Health care system personnel are not fully aware of the relationship between climate change and variability and health impacts.
  • Improved monitoring and surveillance systems are not conducted at the right geographical and temporal scale that would allow observations of trends and make advance forecasts to direct interventions against climate sensitive diseases.
  • Investment needs to be made in Georgia to support structural adaptation changes in the country’s water management structure, in particular to support agriculture and energy sectors. Investment should also be made to reduce system losses in water distribution networks and in treated wastewater reuse in industrial sectors.
  • Restoration of irrigation canals and systems in Alazani and Khrami and Debeda Rivers should be undertaken in order to minimize water losses. Important adaptation measures include investment in drought-resistant and higher-yield crops/cultures, as well as rural agricultural crop diversification and introduction of modern technologies for soil tillage.
  • The Georgian government is committed to improving effectiveness of watershed management and access to water resources, including water saving technologies, water purification, and implementing increased mechanization in river basins and irrigation districts.

Gaps and Needs

  • Gain a better understanding of the timing and magnitude of incidence of several important indicators of climate change in the future, as well as the key vulnerabilities, development impact, and possible adaptation responses.
  • Improve hydrological country assessments to support planning and expansion of key irrigation networks, particularly for at-risk agricultural areas.
  • Widen the participation of the public, scientific institutions, women and local communities in planning and management, accounting for approaches and methods of gender equity.
  • Strengthen environmental monitoring capabilities for enhanced and more effective environmental management.
  • Improve observational data through the additional of weather stations and hydrometeorological instrumentation.
  • Develop early warning systems about dangerous hydrometeorological phenomena and climate risk management, specifically for riverine networks.
  • Develop knowledge, skills and technologies for improving water use efficiency in agriculture.
  • Improve awareness for long-term groundwater risks and impacts from glacier melt.
  • Determine Georgia’s environmental priorities linked to its growth and development agenda.
  • Apply EU requirements to environmental management, delineate responsibilities, subordination, and coordination in the sphere of environmental management of central government units (including MENR, ministries, agencies, and so forth), regional government, regional branches of central government units and local governments.
  • Ensure integration of National Environmental Strategy goals in sectoral and regional plans.
  • Implementation of cross-sectoral climate-smart solutions at national and subnational levels.
  • Implement regional-scale cooperation among countries in Caucasus Region and emphasize benefits of collaboration and institution building in the region.