Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Gabon.

Impacts Water

Climate change will impact Gabon’s water supply, affecting demand from the agricultural sector as well as increasing drinking water requirements from population growth. Annual distribution of rainfall is of great interest to the water industry as the distribution of water throughout the year is critical for planning of resources as well as for safety against disasters. While the country is currently listed as low-risk for water scarcity for drinking, the threat for salinization and coastal flooding remains high. Gabon’s vulnerability related to the primary impact of increased rainfall in some areas may lead to increased river volumes, erosion and loss of soil, and the resulting implication on vegetation, proliferation of marsh lands, fisheries and fish population distributions, as well as water-borne diseases.  Increasing temperatures will also play an adverse role in evapotranspiration, changes in groundwater inflow, water level in rivers and lakes, and water temperatures.

This section provides insights into projected climate change impacts on various hydrological indicators.