Agriculture makes up 25% of FSM’s land use, of which 2.3% is arable land, 19.7% is permanent crops and 3.5% permanent pasture. Agriculture accounts for 26.3% of GDP and its main crops includes taro, yams, coconuts, bananas, and betel nuts. The two principal crops for export in recent decades have been kava and betel nut. FSM’s Agricultural Policy 2012-2016 describes the challenges of achieving food security (e.g. weak economy, dependence on aid). Climate change presents numerous challenges for the agricultural sector. Sea-level rise will increase salinization and erosion of agricultural land, reducing the country’s land capacity to grow crops. Furthermore, more intense tropical cyclones will cause greater damage to agricultural infrastructure.
This section provides insights into the climate change impacts on agricultural productivity indicators and the trends in agriculture related socio-economic indicators.