Federated States of Micronesia

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Federated States of Micronesia.


Identified areas of adaptation needs and priorities for FSM include coastal and marine resources, water resources, agriculture resources, human health, and forests and biodiversity. In the years since it became a member of the UNFCCC, climate change adaptation has taken an increasingly important position in FSM government policy. This has included programmes such as the Climate Adaptation, Disaster Risk Reduction and Education (CADRE) or involvement in programmes such as the Pacific Adaptation to Climate Change Project (PACC). In 2018, the government launched first Adaptation Fund Project, entitled ‘Enhancing climate change resilience of vulnerable island communities in FSM’. The programme, costing $9 million, focuses on water security and coastal challenges. 

Adaptation Options for Key Sectors

  • Development of more salt-resistant and heat tolerant crops, alongside crop diversification.
  • Reduction of crop production on marginal and sloping lands.
  • Enhanced pest and disease management.
  • Development of prevention and preparedness for epidemics.
  • Improved water sanitation.
  • Development of medical infrastructure and increased medical services.
  • Improved water catchment management.
  • Establishment of soil conservation measures.
  • Water conservation programs, such as leakage control and demand management.
  • Encouragement of settlement away from low-lying areas.
  • Enhancing public awareness on climate change issues.
  • Establishment of early-warning systems for coastal communities.

Gaps and Needs

  • Research exploring the incompatible coastal development and how it is managed is required.
  • There is considerable need for more vulnerability and adaptation assessments.
  • More research required on critical climate ecosystem interactions.
  • Lack of information on changing environmental, demographic, economic patterns and trends.
  • Lack of information on patterns of marine and terrestrial ecosystems.
  • Inadequate baseline data to measure change.
  • Institutional limitations include the number of scientific, technical and professional staff, lack of cooperation and coordination of climate change projects amongst stakeholders and insufficient utilization of information collected used in adaptation policy and strategy.
  • Limited funding to deliver adaptation plans and measures.