Ethiopia published a National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA) in 2007 that prioritized such measures as promoting crop insurance programs, strengthening drought and flood early warning systems, developing small-scale irrigation and water harvesting schemes, and improving range-land resource management practices in pastoral areas, among other focus areas. The country ratified the Paris Agreement in 2017. Its associated Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) largely concentrates on reducing the vulnerability of livelihoods from droughts and floods. This includes improving agricultural productivity, ensuring uninterrupted water availability, enhancing irrigation systems, expanding renewable energy, building climate-resilient infrastructure, creating effective insurance schemes, and diversifying economic opportunities. It aims to carry out actions that improve the status of women and the welfare of children.