Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Egypt.

Impacts Water

The vulnerability of Egypt's water resources to climate change depends on Nile flows, rainfall, and ground water. Egypt is virtually rainless and depends entirely (80%) on the River Nile (whose source is outside of Egypt) to meet its water needs. Precipitation minimally impacts on the economy; therefore, climate impacts on water supply are indirect and may result from impacts on the principal sources of the River Nile. Also, the negative impact of climate change on rainfall rates and rain distribution across different regions negatively affects power generation from hydropower plants. (NDC, 2017)

This section provides insights into projected climate change impacts on various hydrological indicators.