Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Dominica.

Impacts Agriculture

The vulnerability of Dominica’s agricultural sector is manifested in the risks presented by both current and future natural disasters and climate extremes and variability. This sector, however, is highly vulnerable to climate change and extreme weather events, especially hurricanes and severe storms. In addition to a possible increase in hurricane intensity, other climate induced and related natural disasters are projected to possibly affect the type of crops that can be grown and reduce agricultural yields due to greater heat stress, more frequent and intense drought conditions or water logging during storms and hurricanes, and increased flooding of river catchments and thus more soil erosion. Climatic changes may also favor the establishment and spread of new pests and disease vectors, further threatening the production of crops and livestock. An additional risk is the potential increase in saltwater intrusion in atolls, further limiting what can be grown in these environments and exacerbating existing threats to food security. 

This section provides insights into the climate change impacts on agricultural productivity indicators and the trends in agriculture related socio-economic indicators.


Data presented under Historical Climate Conditions are reanalysis products derived from ERA5-Land data. ERA5-Land is a global land-surface dataset at 9 km resolution, consistent with atmospheric data from the ERA5 reanalysis from 1950 onward. Climate reanalyses combine past observations with models to generate consistent time series of multiple climate variables. They provide a comprehensive description of the observed climate as it has evolved during recent decades, on 3D grids at sub-daily intervals. 

This data has been collected, aggregated and processed by the Climate Resilience Cluster of the European Space Agency’s (ESA) Earth Observation for Sustainable Development (EO4SD) initiative.

% change of crop yield projections
< -60% > 80%
« Click on the map to view site-specific crop data.