Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Croatia.

Impacts Agriculture

Agriculture is a priority sector for the Croatian economy as well as for the country’s food security situation.  The agricultural sector is particularly vulnerable to climate change and changing conditions may impact the annual number of days of active vegetation and growth seasons in the lowland parts the country. This may result in cultivation of individual crops being moved depending on needs for heat, light and water as well as changes to crop rotation in farming areas. Suitable areas for orchards, vineyards and olive groves may be moved, and areas currently unsuitable for agriculture may become useable. Increased temperatures coupled with capability to provide adequate water via irrigation could result in a positive effect on the increase in yields, especially winter crops which will be cultivated under mild winter conditions.

This section provides insights into the climate change impacts on agricultural productivity indicators and the trends in agriculture related socio-economic indicators.


Data presented under Historical Climate Conditions are reanalysis products derived from ERA5-Land data. ERA5-Land is a global land-surface dataset at 9 km resolution, consistent with atmospheric data from the ERA5 reanalysis from 1950 onward. Climate reanalyses combine past observations with models to generate consistent time series of multiple climate variables. They provide a comprehensive description of the observed climate as it has evolved during recent decades, on 3D grids at sub-daily intervals. 

This data has been collected, aggregated and processed by the Climate Resilience Cluster of the European Space Agency’s (ESA) Earth Observation for Sustainable Development (EO4SD) initiative.

% change of crop yield projections
< -60% > 80%
« Click on the map to view site-specific crop data.