Agriculture is a priority sector for the Croatian economy as well as for the country’s food security situation. The agricultural sector is particularly vulnerable to climate change and changing conditions may impact the annual number of days of active vegetation and growth seasons in the lowland parts the country. This may result in cultivation of individual crops being moved depending on needs for heat, light and water as well as changes to crop rotation in farming areas. Suitable areas for orchards, vineyards and olive groves may be moved, and areas currently unsuitable for agriculture may become useable. Increased temperatures coupled with capability to provide adequate water via irrigation could result in a positive effect on the increase in yields, especially winter crops which will be cultivated under mild winter conditions.
This section provides insights into the climate change impacts on agricultural productivity indicators and the trends in agriculture related socio-economic indicators.