Congo (Republic of the)

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Congo (Republic of the).


Overall risks from climate-related impacts are evaluated based on the interaction of climate-related hazards (including hazardous events and trends) with the vulnerability of communities (susceptibility to harm and lack of capacity to adapt), and exposure of human and natural systems. Changes in both the climate system and socioeconomic processes -including adaptation and mitigation actions- are drivers of hazards, exposure, and vulnerability (IPCC Fifth Assessment Report, 2014).

This section provides a summary of key natural hazards and their associated socioeconomic impacts in a given country. And it allows quick evaluation of most vulnerable areas through the spatial comparison of natural hazard data with development data, thereby identifying exposed livelihoods and natural systems.

Natural Hazard Statistics

The charts provide overview of the most frequent natural disaster in a given country and understand the impacts of those disasters on human populations.

Natural Hazard / Development Nexus

This tool allows the overlay of different natural hazard maps with social economic datasets by sliding the bar horizontally, which provides a broad sense of vulnerable areas.


Key Vulnerabilities

  • Floods are a recurring natural hazard in the Republic of Congo and many areas are seasonally flooded due to exceptional rainfall that affect human settlements, agriculture, public health, and biological diversity. 
  • The Republic of Congo is vulnerable to diseases that are influenced by climatic factors. The leading and second leading causes of mortality within the country are from vector borne and waterborne diseases, respectively. Most notably, malaria is a large concern for the country as it’s the leading cause of child and adolescent mortality, and absorbs on average 40% of health expenditures.
  • Over the past 25 years, surface water flows have been very low impacting biodiversity, fisheries, agriculture, and navigation. Further, access to drinking water is at 75% in urban areas and only at 10% in rural areas. Treatment facilities infrastructure and distribution networks are outdated and have not kept pace with the growing urban population. 

More information on natural hazards can be found at ThinkHazard.

  • Floods are a recurring natural hazard in the Republic of Congo. Coastal protection, early warning systems, improved water management, and urban planning are ways in which to reduce the vulnerability of risks posed by flooding in the future.
  • Coastal barriers, protection of water resources in cities along the coast, better water management, and reforestation and conservation of coastal ecosystems to prevent further erosion are adaptation strategies that will help the Republic of Congo to reduce the threat of rising sea levels.
  • The Republic of Congo is vulnerable to diseases that are influenced by climatic factors. Priority adaptation measures concerning public health aim for the development of early warning systems, improved water basin management for potable water, urban planning, and environmental management. Additionally, improved training of health workers, better sanitation policies, expanded public education, and greater disease and epidemic monitoring will further reduce the risks to public health.
  • Protection of water resources in cities, improved rainwater harvesting in the Bateke plateau, research on seasonal rainfall, coastal protection, and urban planning are adaptation strategies that have been identified by the Republic of Congo.