Congo (Republic of the)

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Congo (Republic of the).

Country Summary

This page presents high-level information for Congo (Republic of the)'s climate zones and its seasonal cycle for mean temperature and precipitation for the latest climatology, 1991-2020. Climate zone classifications are derived from the Köppen-Geiger climate classification system, which divides climates into five main climate groups divided based on seasonal precipitation and temperature patterns. The five main groups are A (tropical), B (dry), C (temperate), D (continental), and E (polar). All climates except for those in the E group are assigned a seasonal precipitation sub-group (second letter).  Climate classifications are identified by hovering your mouse over the legend. A narrative overview of Congo (Republic of the)'s country context and climate is provided following the visualizations.

Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification, 1991-2020
  • Af
  • Am
  • As/Aw
  • BWh
  • BWk
  • BSh
  • BSk
  • Csa
  • Csb
  • Csc
  • Cwa
  • Cwb
  • Cwc
  • Cfa
  • Cfb
  • Cfc
  • Dsa
  • Dsb
  • Dsc
  • Dsd
  • Dwa
  • Dwb
  • Dwc
  • Dwd
  • Dfa
  • Dfb
  • Dfc
  • Dfd
  • ET
  • EF

The Republic of Congo is situated in Central Africa, straddling the equator from latitudes 4°N and 5°S. The Republic of Congo contains a diverse geography: valleys, plateaus, hills, mountains, and a coastline along the Atlantic Ocean. Congo boasts abundant natural resources in oil, forests, arable land, an extensive hydrographic network, mineral resources, and a favorable climate for agriculture. The economy is dominated by the oil sector, which comprises about 67.2% of gross domestic product and encompasses over 90% of the country’s exports. Two-thirds of employed Congolese are engaged in the informal sector, with agriculture and forestry as the main livelihoods. Despite economic growth in recent years, unemployment remains high for young people, ages 15-29, and access to and quality of essential services are still subpar, especially in the areas of health, water, sanitation, education, and energy. As most of the population is engaged in agriculture and forestry, climate change poses a large threat to the Republic of Congo.

The Ministry of Forest Economy and Sustainable Development (MEFDD)  is the body in charge of climate change policy, forest management and management of the REDD+ process in the Republic of Congo. The Republic of Congo ratified the Paris Agreement on April 21, 2017 and the associated Nationally Determined Contribution can be found here (in French).