Congo (Democratic Republic of the)

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Congo (Democratic Republic of the).

Impacts Water

The DR Congo has plenty of water resources. The country is the wettest country on the African continent, with an average annual internal renewable water resources of 900 km3 per year, which represents almost a quarter of freshwater resources in Africa. This potential is huge and almost completely untapped. There are about thirty large rivers totaling over 20,000 km of shoreline. These waters flow into the Congo River. In 2000, water withdrawals were estimated at 356 million m3, including 112 million for agriculture (32%), 186 million for domestic use (52%) and 58 million for industry (16%).  There is a high potential for irrigation farming and hydropower production, but the lack of modern equipment and lack of good management had led to wastage of the resources.

This section provides insights into projected climate change impacts on various hydrological indicators.


Data presented under Historical Climate Conditions are reanalysis products derived from ERA5-Land data. ERA5-Land is a global land-surface dataset at 9 km resolution, consistent with atmospheric data from the ERA5 reanalysis from 1950 onward. Climate reanalyses combine past observations with models to generate consistent time series of multiple climate variables. They provide a comprehensive description of the observed climate as it has evolved during recent decades, on 3D grids at sub-daily intervals. 

This data has been collected, aggregated and processed by the Climate Resilience Cluster of the European Space Agency’s (ESA) Earth Observation for Sustainable Development (EO4SD) initiative.