Congo (Democratic Republic of the)

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Congo (Democratic Republic of the).

Impacts Agriculture

Agriculture is a very important sector in DR Congo. There are two types of agriculture: the modern sector consists of large farms and a traditional family-type, where small areas are cultivated using techniques relatively undeveloped. The operating system is not very productive and yields are based on acreage rather than productivity per unit area. Production systems for food crops are mainly rainfed and dominant cultures are tubers, plantain, corn, rice, peanuts, beans, and palm oil. The modern farm is primarily based on cash crops (coffee, tea, palm oil, rubber, cocoa, cinchona, sugar cane).  The sector suffers from low productivity resulting in food insecurity.  Soil erosion, largely caused by land degradation, is also blamed for the low production of the sector. The sector’s annual growth has in recent years been very low compared to the country’s population growth, which has led to food insecurity. Food insecurity has forced the government to increase food importation and to also relay on humanitarian food aid to feed its population.

This section provides insights into the climate change impacts on agricultural productivity indicators and the trends in agriculture related socio-economic indicators.


Data presented under Historical Climate Conditions are reanalysis products derived from ERA5-Land data. ERA5-Land is a global land-surface dataset at 9 km resolution, consistent with atmospheric data from the ERA5 reanalysis from 1950 onward. Climate reanalyses combine past observations with models to generate consistent time series of multiple climate variables. They provide a comprehensive description of the observed climate as it has evolved during recent decades, on 3D grids at sub-daily intervals. 

This data has been collected, aggregated and processed by the Climate Resilience Cluster of the European Space Agency’s (ESA) Earth Observation for Sustainable Development (EO4SD) initiative.

% change of crop yield projections
< -60% > 80%
« Click on the map to view site-specific crop data.