Country

Congo (Democratic Republic of the)

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Congo (Democratic Republic of the).

Country Context

The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is a landlocked country in Central Africa. The DRC is located along the equator and thus experiences a tropical equatorial climate with high precipitation and tropical thunderstorms. The country is richly endowed with natural resources, and exports as well as extractive industries are important economic staples. Approximately 68% of the total land area is forest, while only 9.9% is used for agriculture. In 2009, agriculture contributed approximately 43% to the country’s gross domestic product (GDP), while forest-related economic activities contributed 12% to GDP. In 2006, an estimated 65% of the population lived in rural areas and 59.2% lived on under US $1.25 a day. Despite a decrease in the poverty rate, from 71% to 64% between 2005 and 2012, the DRC still ranks among the poorest countries in the world, at position 176 out of 187 countries, on the most recent Human Development Index calculated by the UN (2015).

The Ministry for Environment, Conservation and Tourism is the focal point for all matters related to climate change in the DRC. The Environment Protection Law, enacted in 2011, aims to better integrate environmental and sustainable development issues across the government, and through all sectors. The country has been a pioneer in the field of REDD+, having developed a national REDD+ strategy, developed a legal and institutional REDD+ framework, and created a national REDD+ fund. DRC ratified the Paris Agreement on December 13, 2017 and the associated Intended Nationally Determined Contribution can be found here (in French).

 

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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