Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Chile.


Chile is highly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change and has identified fisheries, agricultural production, forestry, biodiversity, and water resources among the most vulnerable sectors. In its Intended Nationally Determined Contribution, Chile identified the following as near-term priority adaptation areas: increase resilience under the National Climate Change Adaptation plan and sectoral plans for key sectors through a decentralized approach, the identification financing sources to implement sectoral plans, synergies between adaptation and mitigation, strengthening institutional capacity on adaptation, and preparing metrics to evaluate sectoral plans.  Chile has taken a proactive approach to adaptation led by the Ministry of the Environment as a focal point to the Council of Ministers for Sustainability. Chile presented its second Climate Change Action Plan in 2016.

Key Adaptation Policies & Reports

Adaptation Options for Key Sectors

  • Strengthen the existing National Advisory Commission for Agricultural Emergencies which supports the implementation of agrometeorological and early warning system to improve response to agricultural emergencies such as extreme temperature, precipitation events, or other natural stressors.
  • Develop frameworks for sustainable intensification and commercialization of agriculture at different scales across agro-ecological regions.
  • Strengthen capacity to generate new forms of empirical knowledge, technologies and agricultural support services that meet emerging development challenges arising from increased climate change and variability.


  • The 2016 Climate Change health adaptation plan is organized into eight priority areas: institutional and human capital strengthening (1-2), studies (3), surveillance (4), promotion of citizen health (5), response to emergency situations (6), decreasing vulnerability (7), and increasing health care (8).
  • Reduce social vulnerability in underserved populations living in both urban and rural areas to support development and increase resilience.
  • Create a unit to coordinate the execution of climate change that would connect the Ministry of Health with other actions


  • Promote appropriate climate smart land-use options for the drier natural regions where cattle production and wildlife ranching are the most suitable land-use options.
  • Promote and support water harvesting as a climate change adaptation strategy.
  • Develop, rehabilitate and maintain surface and groundwater resources.
  • Strengthen and intensify monitoring systems for hydro-meteorological parameters.
  • Sustainable management of water resources and effective distribution.

Gaps and Needs

  • Timing and magnitude of incidence of several important indicators of climate change in the future, as well as the key vulnerabilities, development impact, and possible adaptation responses.
  • Widening the participation of the public, scientific institutions, women and local communities in planning and management, taking into account approaches and methods of gender equity.
  • Build on, invest, and retain local capacity to develop regional forecasts and models catered to Chile’s unique physical and climatic conditions.
  • Lack of awareness of climate change, implications, and vulnerabilities due to absence of training for teachers and public sector professionals on climate change and adaptation.
  • Improve technical capacity to analyze hydro-met data and project impacts across sectors.
  • Establish institutional capacity for providing timely early warning systems.
  • Improve data collection and monitoring, particularly in rural areas and underserved locations and sectors such as waste.
  • Lack of comprehensive institutionalism and cross-sectoral policies. There is a need to align strategic planning and implementation of adaptation policies. This is particularly relevant in spaces with potential co-benefits as is the case with health and pollution.
  • Lack of local perspective about climate change. Lacking support capacity of local governments to translate national policies at the regional and local level.
  • Need for international cooperation in early warning and monitoring systems for ENSO and other regionally relevant systems
  • Potential to leverage experience in disaster risk management to incorporate climate related risks
  • Lack of resources to finance action measures and trigger changes at institutions level