Cape Verde is already experiencing water scarcity – with less than 500 m³ per year of fresh water per capita to meet the country´s needs in terms of agriculture, industry, energy and environment. It is estimated that about 60,000 m³ per day are being used to irrigate about 1,600 ha of land, meaning that 50 percent of the available volume of water is used for irrigation. Livestock farming requirements across the country are about 1,896 m³ per day while demand for water for industrial use and tourism are estimated to be 5,500 m³ per day. According to the most recent national water balance assessment, 13 percent of the precipitation seeps into the aquifer while 87 percent flows on the surface or evaporate. The average annual surface water resources are estimated at 181 million m3, but are difficult to use because of their torrential flow and the lack of adequate storage facilities.
This section provides insights into projected climate change impacts on various hydrological indicators.