Cape Verde

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Cape Verde.


Building on the priorities identified during the development of the NAPA process, Cape Verde proposes to focus its adaptation actions on the following strategic axes: promoting integrated water resources management; increasing adaptive capacities of the agro-silvo-pastoral production systems; and protecting and preventing degradation of the coastal zones. In addition, Cape Verde will further expand on measures and actions already initiated with international support to other areas of the country, such as increasing groundwater reserves and land conservation practices, implementing measures to mitigate floods and intercept runoff, and expanding more-efficient irrigation practices. (NDC, 2017)

Key Adaptation Policies & Reports

  • National Strategic Water and Sanitation Plan (PLENAS)
  • National Basic Sanitation Plan
  • National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA)
  • Growth and Poverty Reduction Strategy (DECRP)
  • National Environmental Action Plan (PANA)
  • Strategic Plan for Agriculture Development (PEDA)
  • Action Plans for Agriculture Development (PADA)
  • National Program for Food Security

Adaptation Options for Key Sectors

  • Seek to disseminate more efficient small-scale irrigation techniques and promote soil conservation schemes for farmers and rural producers;
  • Seek to diversify income generating activities in rural areas by promoting artisanal fishing activities (providing training, equipment, micro-credit) in coastal areas;
  • Seek to promote Cabo Verde´s ocean-based (“blue”) economy by, among others, supporting new techniques of aquaculture, improving quality of fishery products through ecolabeling, and promoting sustainable coastal and maritime tourism and sports;
  • Seek to strengthen governance, strategy development and capacity building.
  • Seek to establish a systematized electronic database for storage and management of relevant water-related information, including a MRV to assess water-relevant data and to better evaluate performance in the sector;
  • Seek to build several new desalination and water pumping units. With progressive increase of RE penetration in the grid, overall energy costs are expected to reduce, decreasing also potable water supply and irrigation costs. Decentralized renewable energy solutions and more efficient technologies will also be considered and tested by Cabo Verde;
  • Seek to promote new water storage and distribution techniques and build at least 5 new dams by 2030;
  • Seek to develop water and sanitation master plans for each island and encourage private sector participation through different policy incentives and business models, such as concessions, privatization, leasing, among others, and equitable tariff policies;
  • Seek to increase urban resilience by developing master plans for rainwater drainage, improving and extending drainage infrastructure, and implementing flood management systems in vulnerable areas.
  • Seek to rehabilitate or construct infrastructures for the protection of coastal zones against seal level rise and beach erosion;
  • Seek to implement actions for the adaptation of fishing activities and fishing communities, building on the scenarios and strategies already developed by the Fishery Development National Institute (INDP).