Agriculture plays a key role in Bulgaria’s socioeconomic fabric. The country has rich endowments in soil biodiversity and meteorological conditions that have developed into century-long traditions of plant growing and livestock breeding. Approximately 50% of the territory (5.2 million ha) is land for agricultural purposes, which contributed 5.45% of GDP value added in 2015. Food processing represents 20% of industrial production. An estimated 29.5% of the area is equipped for irrigation and 86% or water demand for agriculture in 2016 and forestry was used for irrigation (FAO Acuastat). Forests cover 34% of the total area of the country. Climate change is already impacting agriculture through increases in extreme events in the last decades, namely droughts, flooding, and temperature increase.
This section provides insights into the climate change impacts on agricultural productivity indicators and the trends in agriculture related socio-economic indicators.