Country

Brunei

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Brunei.

Country Context

Brunei Darussalam is located on the northwest coast of the island of Borneo in South East Asia between latitude 4°30’N and longitude 114°04’E. It has a total land area of 5,765 km2 and a coastline of 168 km bounded by the South China Sea on the north and the East Malaysian states of Sarawak and Sabah on the east and west respectively. Brunei’s economy is highly dependent on oil production and export. Oil accounts for about 60% of GDP and 90% of the country’s exports. The plummeting oil prices since the past years and the need for a sustainable economy have driven the country to realign its goals towards the development of local capacity and expertise in other industries and to diversify the economy in order to reduce its dependency on a single industry. The population of Brunei in 2014 was 411,900 inhabitants with an annual growth rate of 1.27%. Brunei Darussalam has an equatorial climate influenced by the monsoon systems known as northeast monsoon and southwest monsoon. The country generally experiences wet and hot conditions throughout the year with average annual rainfall of 3,000 mm and mean daily temperature of 28.04°C between 2010 and 2014 (Second National Communications, 2017).

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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