Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Bolivia.


The National Development Plan (2006) calls for adaptation to climate change. The National Climate Change Program has developed and implemented adaptation projects in various regions of the country. The Mother Earth Law has an implicit focus on harmonizing human and community development with the ecosystem. Sectoral activities have been prioritized on sectors including energy, LULUCF/forestry, agriculture, water resources management, and environment.

Adaptation Options for Key Sectors

  • Enhance soil and water resource management.
  • Conduct agricultural research, technical assistance and training.
  • Facilitate interactive technology transfer.
  • Identify pastures resistant to climate change.
  • Introduce improved pastures.
  • Genetic improvement for cattle.
  • Implement changes in livestock grazing seasons.
  • Introduce supplementary diets for livestock.
  • Improve livestock infrastructure.
  • Implement sustainable forest management and use practices.
  • Enhance the efficiency of industrialization processes.
  • Identify forest tree species that are resistant to climate change.
  • Reduce habitat fragmentation.
  • Plan and coordinate the use of water resources by basin.
  • Construct wells and water capture facilities: storage and reservoirs.
  • Adopt water conservation policies.
  • Control the quality of water.
  • Implement systems for a controlled and paid water supply.
  • Construct work for inter-basin water transfers.
  • Implement forecasting systems for flood and droughts.
  • Educate and train people on water resource management and use.
  • Conduct sanitary education.
  • Implement reservoir control.
  • Decrease vector/human contact.
  • Epidemic and climate vigilance.
  • Biological control.
  • Improve productive infrastructure.

Gaps and Needs

  • Enhanced efforts to translate forecasts and meteorological data into actionable information at the local level. Expand and strengthen dissemination and communication mechanisms available at the community and municipal level to implement early warnings, paying special attention to working with people in the community viewed as trusted authorities.
  • Identify sub-national and local data and information needs and devise appropriate responses to the challenges posed by climate change that can be implemented as part of the national development plans and programs, including those funded through the PPCR.
  • An improved disaster prevention strategy to increase resilience and adaptive capacity toward extreme events. Disaster prevention plans should be implemented down to the local level with the necessary technology and infrastructure in place. Dealing with current climate risk should be a priority in order to increase future resilience.
  • Disaster risk reduction must be part of long-term planning at all levels of government, across all industries, and, particularly, at the departmental and municipal level. This also includes improvement of disaster preparedness capacity.
  • Improved water management should also focus on urban areas where increased demand is generating water shortage problems.
  • Development of a sound hydro-meteorological information system and an adequate risk management institutional framework that ensures efficient coordination among institutions.
  • Flood plain mapping, as part of an early warning system, in order to map the risks, especially in large flood plains and urban areas, which are likely to expand in size with increasing population, and to support environmental impact assessments and guide new development plans.
  • To better inform disaster management responses, modeling of extreme events under a changing climate, including localized definitions of critical climate thresholds that may exacerbate natural hazards, effects of multiple climate-related hazards and/or changing environmental and socioeconomic conditions.
  • The establishment and maintenance of an observing and data management system to support decision-making in agriculture, water and disaster management.
  • Enhancement of the information in important sectors relevant for the country’s development, such as on groundwater resources and recharging capacity of the aquifers.