Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Bhutan.

Impacts Agriculture

Agriculture is one of the most important sectors to Bhutan’s economy and a priority for adaptation due to the number of livelihoods it supports and the vulnerability of the sector to changes in climate. Agriculture contributes 17.3% to the economy and 3.65% of value added to annual growth while also providing 54.8% of employment. The majority, or 65.4% of agricultural employment in 2017 was female in 2017. Bhutan has about 5,256 km2 of agricultural land that represent 13.8% of the countries’ total land area. The major crops produced are paddy, maize, buckwheat, barley, and millet, potatoes vegetables and fruits (FAO Stat). The predominantly subsistence based agricultural production and concentration of agricultural activity in vulnerable areas makes the sector particularly susceptible to changes in temperature, precipitation, and exposure to hazards like extreme drought, flooding, precipitation events, forest fires, and Glacial Lake Outburst Floods.

This section provides insights into the climate change impacts on agricultural productivity indicators and the trends in agriculture related socio-economic indicators.

% change of crop yield projections
< -60% > 80%
« Click on the map to view site-specific crop data.