Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Belize.

Impacts Water

Belize has an abundant supply of water sources and is perceived to have the highest volumes of freshwater availability per capita in Latin America. Both ground and surface water supplies are replenished on a seasonal basis based on rainfall patterns. Rural areas generally receive freshwater from groundwater sources, where approximately 95% is extracted. The current freshwater supply can sustain the current population. However, increased population growth, drought episodes and heavy agricultural activities have created stresses on the water supply. Currently, Belize has one desalination plant located at Ambergris Caye a barrier reef island which is an important tourist destination. The plant produces approximately 470 thousand gallons of freshwater per day using a technique called reverse osmosis. There are critical issues to be resolved in the distribution and management of the country’s water resources. Due to a projected rise in temperature, several scenarios show increasing variability of rainfall patterns, as well as the potential effects of sea level rise on freshwater sources.

This section provides insights into projected climate change impacts on various hydrological indicators.