Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Belize.

Impacts Agriculture

Belize’s agricultural sector generates 35% of its foreign exchange earnings and employs 41% of the labor force, with fisheries and forestry combined. In many ways, the agricultural sector is the backbone of the country’s economy. Key export crops include citrus, sugar, bananas and marine products such as shrimp. Belize’s geographic location and an abundance of water resources (the country’s many rivers) allows the production of a large variety of crops for exportation and local consumption on a fairly large scale. The country has approximately 800,000 hectares of arable land that can be used for farming, of which only a small proportion is used for agricultural purposes today. Low utilization of these arable lands is due to the expensive cost for the initial start-up to develop farmlands.  The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) predicts that storms are highly likely to intensify by the 2030’s. Crop yields will decrease with the increase in temperatures and rainfall will decrease, causing farms to heavily rely on water sources from rivers. Heavy reliance on rivers as a water source for farms will ultimately lead to other challenges, such as beach erosion on the coast due to lack of sedimentation deposition. Enhanced erosion will cause coastal communities to become even more vulnerable to the impacts of storm surges and sea level rise. 

This section provides insights into the climate change impacts on agricultural productivity indicators and the trends in agriculture related socio-economic indicators.

% change of crop yield projections
< -60% > 80%
« Click on the map to view site-specific crop data.