Like other Small Island Developing States, The Bahamas is highly vulnerable to adverse impacts of climate change and sea-level rise. 
The country has identified the following vulnerable sectors for adaptation measures: Agriculture,  energy,  water and marine resources,  human health, ecosystems, forestry & tourism and infrastructure.  

Key Adaptation Policies & Reports
Adaptation Options for Key Sectors
  • Promote crop rotation/seasonal crops and educate farmers about crops that are suitable in the face of a new climate. 

  • Reduce and regulate slash & burn practices. 

  • Promote the use of multi-purpose native plant species that are less water demanding and form natural remedies against pests.  

  • Develop a hurricane preparedness and evacuation plan to assist the tourism sector to respond to and recover from any hurricane or extreme weather events in cooperation and collaboration with its partners in the public and private sectors. 

  • Protect beach ridges, coastal dune formations, mangroves and similar coastal features. 

  • Discourage any excavations below the water table (including excavation in canals and waterways) and control rock and sand mining activities so that they are restricted to approved locations only. 

  • Establish institutional arrangements for forestry to effectively and efficiently undertake the mandate for sustainable forest resource management. 

  • Plan and implement a comprehensive public education and awareness program on all aspects of forestry development and conservation in partnership and concert with relevant stakeholder agencies in The Bahamas. 

  • Educate the general public concerning the role wetlands play in the protection of the coast from storm surges and as an important habitat for fisheries and wildlife.  

  • Develop a program to recruit and train Bahamian students from high schools and provide scholarships for education in forestry sciences & conservation. 

  • Develop funding mechanisms and technical know-how for communities to build and revegetate sand dunes that will protect vulnerable areas against storm surges. 

  • Monitor epidemiology of diseases carried by insect vectors whose populations may increase as warming occurs and develop Integrated approaches to reduce the spread and proliferation of vector-borne diseases. 

  • Locate solid waste facilities away from open water to prevent contamination during storm surges and flood events. 

  • Prevent further development of infrastructure and housing in low-lying areas that will be prone to flooding. 

  • Promote the use of renewable energy sources and alternative energy efficient technologies in buildings. 

  • Climate proof key infrastructure to avoid road melting. 

  • Adopt appropriate physical planning policies that will protect infrastructure from storm surges and rising water tables. 

  • Promote the use of drip irrigation systems and cultivation of drought-resistant crops and varieties that are able to cope with elevated degrees of soil salinity.