Given the country’s exposure to extreme weather events such as earthquakes, droughts and flooding and the importance of agriculture to the population, adaptation to climate change will be a key priority for Azerbaijan for many years to come. The country’s Third National Communication to the UNFCCC (2015) indicates that adaptation measures will focus on the areas of agriculture, water supply, forestry, coastal communities, human health and tourism.
- Lack of clarity persists on the effects of climate change on the level of the Caspian Sea.
- There is a similar lack of consensus on the trend and forecast for average precipitation levels in Azerbaijan, and the regional variability within the country.
- There is a lack of sufficiently detailed data on the proportion of the Azeri population that is reliant on farming and the potential effects of climate change on their livelihoods
- Whereas regulations and policies on climate change areas have been well structured, they have not been implemented effectively due to a lack of resources, knowledge and/or capacity (World Bank, 2012).