Argentina is a member of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and a signatory to the Paris Agreement. The country submitted its third national communication in 2015 and Nationally Determined Contributions in 2015, which it revised in 2016.  Argentina’s NDC identified energy, agriculture, disaster risk management, and conservation and biodiversity as priorities for adaptation. In 2016, the country issued a national decree that established a National Climate Change Cabinet that is composed of thematic areas, that report to a group of 12 ministries lead by the Chief of Cabinet (Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development). Thematic areas include adaptation, agriculture and forestry, energy, financing, among others. This Cabinet also includes connections with civil society and non-governmental sectors. As of 2017, Argentina developed two preliminary climate change development plans for agriculture and industry as well as three national action plans for transportation, energy, and forestry. Argentina has also invested in disaster risk management and early warning systems. The country is working on a National Adaptation Plan as part of a larger effort to develop a national climate change response plan. Each of these policies and plans contain sector-specific adaptation plans. The Government of Argentina also created a Direction of Adaptation in 2015, which is tasked with identifying and addressing adaptation needs, including the development of a National Adaptation Plan by 2019 (NDC, 2016).  

Adaptation Options for Key Sectors
  • Improve extension services to support efficient water and resource while improving preparedness to respond to potential risks caused by extreme climate events.
  • Support regional biodiversity in conservation land to conserve ecosystem services, especially those near agricultural land or in areas with high propensity for erosion.
  • Invest in early warning systems for agricultural production and food security threats associated with projected changes in climate.
  • Explore risk transfer methods, including market based approaches, to diversify risk in agricultural sector to climate conditions and natural hazards.
  • Invest in storage systems to support the sector with changes in seasonality, markets, and production fluctuations.
  • Change the seasonality or type of crop depending on changing weather patterns.
  • Increase and improve irrigation practices to reduce waste, improve water availability and reduce exposure to prolonged drought or heat, which are expected to increase with climate change.
  • Support watershed governance and institutional capacity for improved water management at a local and regional level.
  • Re-evaluate existing and projected investments in hydroelectric renewable energy investments.
  • Address capacity for disaster risk management associated with riverine flooding, coastal flooding, extreme precipitation events and water scarcity.
  • Promote efficient use of water resources across industries and citizens to reduce waste and improve management of polluted waters.
Gaps and Needs
  • Increase investment in research on climate vulnerabilities and potential solutions, including mapping and diagnosis tools to support adaptation management.
  • Expand research capacity working on early alert systems based on climate services to inform energy, agriculture, and health risks associated with climate change.
  • Improve in local technical capacity that can produce research needed to identify, quantify, and inform adaptation policy.
  • Expand monitoring networks and connectivity to support early warning systems and improved sensing technology.
  • Improve data availability to support economic quantification and analysis of adaptation measures costs, benefits, and impacts.
  • Increase the number of mapping available required to identify vulnerabilities and inform adaptation planning, implementation, and monitoring.
  • Build capacity strength across agencies and stakeholders to support institutional coordination in adaptation policy formulation and execution.
  • “Creation of multidisciplinary teams to support the diverse ongoing or planned initiatives, with the objective of supporting the processes of land management.” (NDC, 2016).
  • Connect adaptation initiatives with financial instruments via risk transfer, adaptation financing, and other forms economic support for climate change.
  • Strengthen social awareness of natural disaster prevention and reaction through institutional campaigns, education, and other programs.
  • Improve local capacity and promote coordinated regional adaptation efforts.